Han(-)gangHan'gangThe Han River or Hangang ( Korean pronunciation: ) is a major river in and the fourth longest river on the Korean peninsula after the (Yalu), (Tumen), and rivers. The river begins as two smaller rivers in the eastern mountains of the Korean peninsula, which then converge near, the capital of the country.The Han River and its surrounding area have played an important role in Korean history. The strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a to China (via the Yellow Sea). However, the river is no longer actively used for navigation, because its is located at the, barred for entrance by any civilian.The river serves as a water source for over 12 million Koreans.
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In July 2000, the admitted to having dumped toxic chemicals in the river, causing protests.Currently, the lower stretches of the Han River are lined with pedestrian walkways, bicycle paths, public parks and restaurants, particularly in Seoul. In a 2011 survey conducted by Seoul Development Institute of 800 residents and 103 urban planning and architectural experts, 51.3 percent of residents and 68.9 percent of experts voted the river the second most scenic location in the city, following in the top spot. Contents.Geography The Han is formed by the confluence of the Namhan River (South Han River), which originates in, and the (North Han River), which originates on the slopes of in. The River flows through and then merges with the shortly before it flows into the.
The two major branches of the river, the Namhan River and the Bukhan River, come together at Yangpyeong, Gyeonggi province, at which point it is referred to as the Han River. It then passes through Seoul and continues on to the. Broad tidal flats can be found at the mouth of the Han River, where it meets the sea along the that divides South and North Korea.The total length of the Han River is approximately 494 kilometres (307 mi).Although it is not a long river, the lower Han is remarkably broad for such a relatively short river. Within city limits, the river is more than 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) wide. Prior to the construction of a number of major dams, the river was known for its huge coefficient of (ratio between the maximum and minimum amount of flow) of 1:390. (For comparison, The and the have coefficients of 1:8 and 1:18, respectively.) Name The Namhangang ( Namhan meaning 'South Han' and gang meaning 'river') is sometimes, but not always, referred to as the 'Han' in.
The term 'South Han' is understood irrespective of which side of the border one stands.Even though 'Namhan' and 'Bukhan' are homophones with the acronyms Namhan ( 남한; 'South Korea') and Bukhan ( 북한; 'North Korea'), used commonly in South Korea, this is a mere coincidence. The for the Han River is not ('Korea') but (Chinese). The reason behind this is because the meaning of the native Korean 'han' (한), in this instance meaning 'great' 'large' 'wide', was transliterated into Hanja with the character also meant 'large', thus showing the reason why the river used the word instead of. It is also easily mistaken with the use of in Seoul's older name, '漢城' where does not refer to Chinese people, but refers to the idea of Seoul being the 'walled city on the Han'. As a result, Koreans rarely use 漢 because 韓 and 漢 sound the same (han), but the meaning is 韓 (han, 한, 'Korean'), not 'Han Chinese'.Han River has been called by different names through the course of Korean history.
During the period of the on the peninsula and the early part of the period the river was often referred to as the Daesu ( 대수; 帶水; 'the Regional Waters'). The state of called it the Arisu ( 아리수; 阿利水; 'The Gainful Waters'). Called it the Ungniha ( 욱리하; 郁里河; 'Fragrant Mile River'), while the kingdom of termed it the Iha ( 이하; 泥河; 'Muddy River').
History The Han River has played a central role in Korean history from the earliest times. The kingdom of was the first to lay claim to the Han River, recognizing its strategic significance as a primary waterway linking the central western region of the peninsula with the. It was also recognized for the river's fertile alluvial banks, a relative rarity on the mountainous peninsula., located south of, is posited as an early capital of Baekje. It was not long before the region near the effluence of the Han River with the Yellow Sea, around present-day Seoul, became a bone of contention between Baekje and the rising kingdom of.
During the reign of its (r. 413-491) Goguryeo wrested the western terminus of the Han River from its rival Baekje.
The ensuing decades would see a tug-of-war over the region until 551 when Baekje, in an alliance with, confirmed its control over the Han River basin. But this alliance was not to last, and in 553 Silla broke its alliance with Baekje to seize control of the entire river as part of its bid for domination of the peninsula.With the demise of both Baekje and Goguryeo and then the unification of the peninsula under Silla in 668, the Han River entered its long era as a 'Korean river', first under the control of (668-918), then of the succeeding dynasty (918-1392), and finally as part of the dynasty (1392-1910). During the Joseon period the Han River achieved new prominence as the primary waterway of the new Korean capital of, then called Hanyang.
And his wife posing with personnel in 1950 at the Han River BridgeDuring the Korean war the South Korean military.The Han River now belongs largely to the, or South Korea, with its effluence in the a few nautical miles from (though some of the river's tributaries are in North Korea). During the first few decades of South Korea's existence the Han River became a byword for pollution, as burgeoning industry and an impoverished populace used it as a convenient spillway for industrial and urban refuse. Though it no longer plays a central role in commerce or transportation it is a prime fixture in the life of the South Korean capital and in the last decade has become the focus of government sponsored environmental efforts to clean it up and transform it into an ecological jewel of the capital.
During the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, the Han River was the site of the Olympic rowing regatta.There have been fears, such as the 1986 in South Korea, that North Korea could attack Seoul by releasing a flood from the upstream dam.In July 2000, the US military admitted to dumping 20 gallons (75.7 liters) of the highly toxic chemical in the river from one of their bases in Seoul. As the river serves as a drinking source for some 12 million Koreans, Koreans launched large protests and accused the US military of ignoring South Korea's environmental regulations.
Activists lobbed toy rockets—filled with water from the river—into the main US Army base. The political party had earlier accused the US of dumping nearly 60 gallons of the toxic chemical into the river, and said that '. If people are exposed to the chemical for a long period of time, it could cause lung cancer and when dissolved into water, it could kill fish and other aquatic creatures.' The events inspired acclaimed 2006 film.From 2009 the administration resuscitated a project to dig a canal linking the Han River with the at. This eighteen kilometer was completed in 2011 and now links the Han River near in to Incheon. It can accommodate both large container and passenger vessels.Joint Utilization Zone On November 4, 2018, a 20-member team consisting of 10 people from North Korea and 10 people from South Korea began a joint inter-Korean survey which will lead to the development a Joint Utilization Zone along the Han River's.
The Zone will allow civilians to access the estuary for tourism, ecological protection and the collection of under the protection of militaries from both sides of the Korean border. On November 5, 2018, the councils of South Korea's Gangwon and Gyeonggi provinces, which border the DMZ, signed a “peace working agreement” at Dorasan Station in Paju, giving local approval to the Joint Utilization Zone. The inter-Korean survey of the Han River's estuary was completed on December 9, 2018. The new map of the river's estuary, which consists of newly discovered reefs, will made public by January 25, 2019. Tributaries of the Han Tributaries are listed in order from the mouth of the Han to the source. Subtributaries are listed accordingly.
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Hangang Railway Bridge and Hangang Bridge.; 일산대교.; 김포대교.; 행주대교.; 방화대교.; 마곡철교.; 가양대교.; 성산대교.; 양화대교.; 당산철교.; 서강대교.; 마포대교.; 원효대교.; 한강철교.; 한강대교.; 동작대교. with; 반포대교와 잠수교.; 한남대교.; 동호대교.; 성수대교.; 영동대교.; 청담대교.; 잠실대교.; 잠실철교.; 올림픽대교.; 천호대교.; 광진교.; 강동대교.; 팔당대교Subways crossing Han River. (, ). (, ). In 2017, will open to extension that will cross the Han River.In 2018 the will cross Han River by a beneath the riverbed.
In media The Han River features as a location in several movies. Notable films include:. (2006) in which the plays an important part. It is about a monster living along the Han River casting fear amongst the citizens of Seoul by attacking and eating them alive. (2009) in which is the island the main character finds himself stranded on. (1981), which includes the destruction of the.See also., a different river (in China) with the same name.Notes.
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