The was started tochange the sad Free Software app situation in the Android world. Itbuilds a repository of easily-installable Free Software apps for the Androidplatform.
There is an Android client application that makes it easy tobrowse Free Software applications, install them onto your device, andkeep track of updates. Apps available on F-Droid do not contain hiddencosts, are safe for children, and are transparent about possible.The F-Droid repository contains details of multiple versions of eachapplication. You can also easily create and add own repositories. Butsince the initiative is,developing in a decentralised fashion and open to collaboration,creating own repositories is not really necessary. Its goal is toinclude all useful Free Software Android applications and to keep upwith their updates.We collected some information about how you can.Selected apps for common use casesNowadways, we fortunately live in a world in which we can choose fromvarious Free Software apps for almost any use case. This sections aimsto present a small selection of apps which are fitting forstarters. By no means can such a list be ever perfect for every individualcase.
We also recommend you to look at the complete or apprecommendations by, or.Web browsingIn F-Droid you can find many web browsers for differentaudiences. Probably the most well known is Mozilla's which isavailable via orits GNU rebranding. Users whoprefer lightweight and privacy-aware apps may also want to try (alsoknown as Firefox Focus).Emailenables its users to add multiple email accounts and offers awide range of options.
It also supports integration withencryption apps likeand is able to read GnuPG encrypted messages.Instant MessagingThe situation of Free Software apps for instant messaging iscomplicated. While there are 100% Free Software solutions like and Zom(for XMPP/Jabber, iOS users can use ), (usingemail) or(using Matrix), they probably will not be very widespread among your friendsbecause their user bases are relatively small. Other apps are completely ormostly Free Software but have other antifeatures like dependencies on non-freeservers and libraries, or no server federation, for example. There are several initiatives to make instantmessaging as free, secure, decentralised, and user-friendly as possible, and wehope to be able to make clearer recommendations in the future.MultimediaPlenty of Free Software apps aim to make you enjoy audio and videoon your mobile phone.
Notable apps areas a lightweight interface for YouTube which adds some uniquefeatures, the for videos, orto listen to thousands of radio stationsOutdoorsWhen you are travelling, your mobile phone can be a helper foryou.knows public transportation networks of countries and cities allover the world.serves detailed offline and online maps of whereever you areright now, and also includes navigation when riding your bicycleor car.GamesF-Droid contains various mobile games for almost any taste. Forexample puzzlers may enjoywhile block sandbox fans can playin single as well as multiplayer mode. For fans of 1010! There is.The Operating SystemsAn operating system is a collection of software that enables you to useyour phone and run other applications on it. Even though Android is, many phones ship with proprietary components and add-ons. Is a version ofAndroid which you can use without a Google account. Even though it isusually more free than the software your device comes with, freedomis not its main objective.
While LineageOS works on, it makes use of which are fetchedfrom a device and included in the ROM. LineageOS is the most popular fork of the discontinued CyanogenMod project.LineageOS does not contain Google Play services by default whichis good for your freedom. However, if you really need some ofthese proprietary apps or libraries you can try the Free Softwareimplementation.We collectedabout how you can help to ensure that LineageOS and other operating systems become as good as possible, andhow to identify and remove non-free parts.Share and support Diaspora OK Mastodon OK Reddit Flattr Hacker News Twitter Facebook Support!Some services may be Free Software unfriendly and harm your privacy. Subscribe to the newsletter.Last changed: 2019-06-12 17:11:14(automatic).Copyright © 2001-2019./ /Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permittedin any medium, provided this notice is preserved.FSFE has in,.
Operating system that operates a mobile deviceA mobile operating system (or mobile OS) is an for, or other. While computers such as typical are 'mobile', the operating systems usually used on them are not considered mobile ones, as they were originally designed for that historically did not have or need specific mobile features. This distinction is becoming blurred in some newer operating systems that are hybrids made for both uses.Mobile operating systems combine features of a operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use; usually including, and most of the following considered essential in modern mobile systems; a wireless inbuilt modem and SIM tray for telephony and data connection, a, (GPS) mobile navigation, and,.
By Q1 2018, over 383 million smartphones were sold with 86.2 percent running and 12.9 percent running. Android alone is more popular than the popular desktop operating system Windows, and in general smartphone use (even without tablets) outnumber desktop use.Mobile devices with mobile communications abilities (e.g., smartphones) contain two mobile operating systems – the main user-facing software platform is supplemented by a second low-level proprietary which operates the radio and other hardware. Research has shown that these low-level systems may contain a range of security vulnerabilities permitting malicious to gain high levels of control over the mobile device.Mobile operating systems have majority use since 2017 (measured by web use); with even only the smartphones running them (excluding tablets) more used than any other kind of device.
Thus traditional desktop OS is now a minority used kind of OS; see. However, variations occur in popularity by regions, while desktop-minority also applies on some days in regions such as United States and United Kingdom. Contents.Timeline Mobile operating system milestones mirror the development of and:Pre-1993. 1973–1993 – use to control operation.1993–1999. 1993 – launch running on their series of portable computers.
1994 – The first, the, has a touchscreen, and PDA features. 1996 – is introduced with the mobile operating system. 1998 – has developed. On a(based on the modified ) is a mobile operating system developed by Besides having the largest installed base worldwide on smartphones, it is also the most popular operating system for (a category that includes desktop computers and mobile devices), even though Android is not a popular operating system for regular (desktop) (PCs).
Although the Android operating system is, in devices sold, much of the software with it (including Google apps and vendor-installed software) is and closed source.Android's releases before 2.0 (1.0, 1.5, 1.6) were used exclusively on mobile phones. Android 2.x releases were mostly used for mobile phones but also some tablets, Android 3.0 was a tablet-oriented release and does not officially run on mobile phones, while both phone and tablet compatibility was merged with Android 4.0. The current Android version is. See also:Other open source mobile operating systems under active development as of 2018 include, based on;, based on the GNU/Linux distribution;; and running Ubuntu Touch; and using a GNU/Linux distribution and the Plasma Mobile desktop from. Closed source Amazfit OS (Proprietary OS) The proprietary version of Amazfit OS that are develop by Xiaomi backed Huami for their Amazfit Bip smartwatch, however instead of based on Android, it was based on proprietary operating system, thus it is not able to install third party apps such as APK's.iOS. Main article:(formerly named iPhone OS) was created by It has the second largest installed base worldwide on smartphones, but the largest profits, due to aggressive price competition between Android-based manufacturers. It is closed source and proprietary, and is built on the open source operating system.
The, and second or third-generation all use, which is derived from.Native third party applications were not officially supported until the release of iPhone OS 2.0 on July 11, 2008. Before this, ' allowed third party applications to be installed. In recent years, the jailbreaking scene has changed drastically due to Apple's continued efforts to secure their operating system and prevent unauthorized modifications. Currently, jailbreaks of recent iterations of iOS are only semi-untethered, which requires a device to be re-jailbroken at every boot, and exploits for jailbreaks are becoming increasingly hard to find and use.Currently all iOS devices are developed by Apple and manufactured by or another of Apple's partners.Current version list. iPhone OS 1.x (Initial release). iPhone OS 2.x. iPhone OS 3.x.
iOS 4.x. iOS 5.x. iOS 6.x. iOS 7.x (major UI revamp). iOS 8.x. iOS 9.x.
iOS 10.x (minor UI tweaks). iOS 11.x (minor UI tweaks). iOS 12.xwatchOS. Main article:watchOS is the operating system of the Apple Watch, developed by Apple Inc. It is based on the iOS operating system and has many similar features. It was released on April 24, 2015, along with the Apple Watch, the only device that runs watchOS. It is currently the most widely used wearable operating system.
Its features focus on convenience, such as being able to place phone calls and send texts, and health, such as fitness and heart rate tracking.The most current version of the watchOS operating system is.Current version list Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft as part of the of operating systems. It was released on July 29, 2015. Just like its predecessors, it was designed to run across multiple Microsoft product such as PCs and Tablets. See also:(project name: Boot to Gecko, also known as B2G) is from. It was an open source mobile operating system released under the built on the Android Linux kernel and used Android drivers, but did not use any Java-like code of Android.According to, 'Mozilla says that B2G is motivated by a desire to demonstrate that the standards-based open Web has the potential to be a competitive alternative to the existing single-vendor application development stacks offered by the dominant mobile operating systems.' In September 2016, Mozilla announced that work on Firefox OS has ceased, and all B2G-related code would be removed from mozilla-central. MeeGo/Maemo/Moblin.
Main articles:, andwas from non-profit organization. It is open source and GPL. At the 2010 in Barcelona, and both unveiled MeeGo, a mobile operating system that combined and Maemo to create an open-sourced experience for users across all devices.
In 2011 Nokia announced that it would no longer pursue MeeGo in favor of Windows Phone. Nokia announced the on June 21, 2011 at the Nokia Connection event in Singapore. LG announced its support for the platform. Was a platform developed by Nokia for. It is open source and GPL, based on and draws much of its (GUI), and from the GNOME project. It uses the window manager and the -based as its GUI and.webOS was developed.
WebOS is an open source mobile operating system running on the Linux kernel, initially developed by Palm, which launched with the. After being acquired by HP, two phones (the and the ) and a tablet (the ) running webOS were introduced in 2011.
On August 18, 2011, HP announced that webOS hardware would be discontinued, but would continue to support and update webOS software and develop the webOS ecosystem. HP released webOS as open source under the name Open webOS, and plans to update it with additional features. On February 25, 2013 HP announced the sale of WebOS to, who used the operating system for its 'smart' or Internet-connected TVs. However, HP retained patents underlying WebOS and cloud-based services such as the App Catalog.Closed source BlackBerry OS. Main article:In 1999, released its first BlackBerry devices, providing secure real-time push-email communications on wireless devices. Services such as BlackBerry Messenger provide the integration of all communications into a single inbox. In September 2012, RIM announced that the 200 millionth BlackBerry smartphone was shipped.
As of September 2014, there were around 46 million active BlackBerry service subscribers. In early 2010s, RIM has undergone a platform transition, changing its company name to and making new devices on a new platform named '. Windows Mobile is a discontinued operating system from that it replaced with Windows Phone. It is closed source and proprietary.The operating system and Windows Mobile middleware was widely spread in Asia (which mostly uses Android now). The two improved variants of this operating system, (for touch screen devices) and, were unveiled in February 2007.
It was criticized for having a user interface which is not optimized for touch input by fingers; instead, it is more usable with a. Like iOS, and most other Mobile OS, it supports both touch screen, physical and Bluetooth keyboard configurations.
Microsoft phased out the Windows Mobile OS to focus on Windows Phone. Windows Phone is a family of mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune. Windows Phone features a new user interface derived from Metro design language. Windows Phone was replaced by Windows 10 Mobile in 2015.Symbian The platform was developed by for some models of smartphones. It is proprietary software, it was however used by Ericsson (SonyEricsson), Sending and Benq. The operating system was discontinued in 2012, although a slimmed-down version for basic phones was still developed until July 2014. Microsoft officially shelved the platform in favor of Windows Phone after its acquisition of Nokia.
Bada platform (stylized as bada; Korean: 바다) was an operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. It was developed by Samsung Electronics. Its name is derived from '바다 (bada)', meaning 'ocean' or 'sea' in Korean. It ranges from mid- to high-end smartphones.
To foster adoption of Bada OS, since 2011 Samsung reportedly has considered releasing the source code under an open-source license, and expanding device support to include Smart TVs. Samsung announced in June 2012 intentions to merge Bada into the Tizen project, but would meanwhile use its own Bada operating system, in parallel with Google Android OS and Microsoft Windows Phone, for its smartphones. All Bada-powered devices are branded under the Wave name, but not all of Samsung's Android-powered devices are branded under the name Galaxy.On February 25, 2013, Samsung announced that it will stop developing Bada, moving development to instead. Bug reporting was finally terminated in April 2014. Palm OS /Garnet OS was from It is closed source and proprietary. Was introduced by Palm in January 2009, as the successor to Palm OS with Web 2.0 technologies, and multitasking abilities.Market share Usage. See also:, andIn 2006, Android and iOS did not exist and only 64 million smartphones were sold.
In 2018 Q1, 383.5 million smartphones were sold and global market share was 85.9% for Android and 14.1% for iOS.According to web use statistics (a proxy for all use), smartphones (alone without tablets) have majority use globally, with desktop computers used much less (and Android in particular more popular than Windows). Use varies however by continent with smartphones way more popular in the biggest continents, i.e. Asia, and the desktop still more popular in some, though not in North America.The desktop is still popular in many countries (while overall down to 44.9% in the first quarter of 2017 ), smartphones are more popular even in many developed countries (or about to be in more). A few countries on any continent are desktop-minority; European countries (and some in South America, and a few, e.g. Haiti, in North America; and most in Asia and Africa) are smartphone-majority, Poland and Turkey highest with 57.68% and 62.33%, respectively. In Ireland, smartphone use at 45.55% outnumbers desktop use and mobile as a whole gains majority when including the tablet share at 9.12%.
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